In conversation with the Fine Art Curator,Tessa Sidey, Mary Bennett has suggested that these costume sketches were studies for 'The Spirit of Justice,' a cartoon Brown entered into the third Competition held in 1845 to select artists to decorate the newly rebuilt Houses of Parliament. The date and location inscribed on the bottom of the sheet 'Paris/44' certainly support this identification. The similarities in subject matter, style and medium between these sketches and another drawing for 'The Spirit of Justice' in the collection, 'Study for the Baron and his advisor' (1905P18), also support her idea. Brown's preoccupation with armour in this sketch must also be related to the row of knights in armour behind the Baron in the cartoon. These sketches are most likely to have been made as part of Brown's research into ancient armour for these figures but the exact source for them has not been identified. LM

  • Purchased and presented by subscribers, 1906.
  • © Birmingham Museums and Art Gallery


Association Artist Organisation
Artist Ford Madox Brown -


Type Position(s) Method Date(s) Notes
Edward 1st & IInd Richard IInd / Henry 6th & Edward 4th / Henry4 Ford M Brown Paris/44
Inscription body Handwritten 1844 paris/44 altered from 43. Brown ink.


Author(s) Date(s) Publisher Pages
City of Birmingham Museum and Art Gallery: Catalogue of the Permanent Collection of Drawings
A E Whitley 1939 Bemrose & Sons Ltd, Derby p. 47
Ford Madox Brown: The Unofficial Pre-Raphaelite
Laura MacCulloch, Tessa Sidey 2008 D. Giles Limited, London p. 66

Associated people

Name Type
King Edward II Associated with
King Edward I Associated with
King Richard II Associated with
King Edward IV Associated with
King Henry IV Associated with
King Henry V Associated with

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